“We expect the UK to be first to enter a recession, and the last one to pull out,” said Samuel Tombs, chief UK economist at Pantheon Macroeconomics. Investors are aware of the fact that extreme policy tightening measures taken by Federal Reserve chair Jerome Powell and his teammates have restricted firms to bank upon borrowings. Rising interest obligations have resulted in lower operating margins for firms. Also, weaker demand projections have forced the firms to avoid operating at full capacity. Investors will get more clarity about the scale of economic activities after the release of the US GDP data. Considering the fact that Fed chair Jerome Powell has tightened the monetary policy on an extreme note in CY2022, the street is expecting a contraction in the scale of economic activities.

Oxford Economics is a leader in global economic forecasting and econometric analysis. Our rigorous economic forecasts are powered by the world’s leading fully-integrated global economic model. Our 300 full-time economists and analysts help our clients to track, analyse, and model country, industry, and city-level trends and understand the implications of the economic outlook for their decision-making. Our rigorous economic forecasts are powered by the world’s only fully-integrated global economic model. Our 300 full-time economists help our clients to track, analyse, and model country, industry, and urban trends and understand the economic outlook.

And central banks tightening liquidity conditions through higher policy rates and shrinking balance sheets will only exacerbate the liquidity problems already present in financial markets. Macroeconomic indicators, including GDP, inflation, interest rates, services and manufacturing activity and unemployment, drive the currency markets, as they affect a country’s attractiveness to investors and, in turn, demand for its currency. Different trading strategies will suit different investment goals with short or long-term focus.

EURUSD Forecast and News

The pair is greatly less volatile than other Euro or Pound based crosses because of the economic closeness and interdependence between the two. Changes in monetary policy between the Bank of England and the European Central Bank can make this pair extremely sensitive. The three key rates were then further raised by 75bps on 8 September and 27 October. The ECB raised the three rates by 50bps during its last monetary policy meeting of 2022 life insurance, 15th ed on 15 December, marking a fourth rate increase. On 21 July, the ECB raisedall three key interest rates by 50bps for the first time since 2011, exceeding market expectations and breaking its own guidance for a 25bps move. At the June ECB meeting, policymakers pre-committed to a rate hike – the first in over a decade – as central bank president Christine Lagarde, as well as the institution’s policymakers, looked to fight inflation.

analysis euro uk

“We benefit from a strong EU, that’s what we need for our economy, we’d prefer to see the UK back as a partner of some sort, but if the UK forces us to choose then we’ll choose the EU every time.” They are optimistic that Sunak argued against the triggering of Article 16 several months ago, pointing out the peril of risking the suspension of the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation agreement. The same report estimated that investment is 13.7 per cent lower, and goods trade, is 13.6 per cent lower in the final quarter of 2021. Former UK finance minister Rishi Sunak is the best hope for any negotiated solution to the Northern Ireland Protocol, multiple EU sources have told Euronews.

At least part of the reason for Hunt and the OBR’s gloom is the scarring effect of the Covid-19 pandemic. The UK will only return to its pre-pandemic growth level by the end of 2024, according to the OBR, and total economic output in the UK was still 0.4% lower than pre-pandemic by the end of September, data from the Office for National Statistics showed. The latest slimmed-down OBR forecasts do not include international comparisons.

Energy crisis

“The government’s programme is a last-resort financing option for companies that would otherwise be threatened with insolvency,” Finland’s prime minister Sanna Marin told a news conference. Economists expect the region’s economy to contract by 0.4% in the fourth quarter of 2022, and by 0.3% in the first quarter of 2023, according to a consensus forecast from FactSet and quoted by Dow Jones’s Xavier Fontdegloria. Since then, as a result of the Russian invasion of Ukraine in February and Western sanctions on Moscow, food, fuel and energy prices have surged. CFDs are leveraged products, which means that you only need to deposit a percentage of the full value of the CFD trade in order to open a position. In the UK, there is no stamp duty on CFD trading, but there is when you buy stocks, for example.

  • “ECB gov. de Cos reiterated in a speech yesterday that it will be “necessary to continue raising interest rates significantly in the coming meetings” to bring inflation back to target.
  • Fitch Ratings forecast the bank to raise its main refinancing rate to 4% by June 2023.
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  • Our Research Briefings provide timely and in-depth analysis of key country, regional and global issues such as policy changes, economic shifts, political events, and emerging scenarios.

The CPRA work has been developed to provide a form of individualised country information. This provides countries with a reflection on their current policy frameworks for inclusive education. It also offers them recommendations for priorities to be addressed that are specific to their country.

With 21 offices around the world and deep knowledge of the markets we forecast and analyse, we combine broad geographic coverage with local expertise. In 2021, the Agency published theCPRA Key Messages report which presents the main findings from the CPRA activities between 2014 and 2020. A Policy Brief outlining the key messages for policy development is also available. The Country Policy Review and Analysis work supports reflection regarding the development of country policies for inclusive education. CPRA aims to act as a tool for stimulating discussion in the country concerned.

EU ‘not seeking political victory’ in Northern Ireland Brexit dispute, says top negotiator Sefcovic

Inflation was already high at the start of the year, owing to Covid-19 supply chain disruptions and mismatched supply and demand as nations came out of lockdowns. The euro’s steady decline through most of 2022 came amid growing concerns over the health of the eurozone economy, as inflation rose to a record high and growth slowed. The GBP/EUR currency pair started 2023 on a strong foot amid reports of strong UK labour market and upbeat corporate earnings data, which may mean more aggressive interest rate hikes by the Bank of England .

analysis euro uk

Focus also turned to growing political instability with the fourth finance minister in as many months appointed in a country grappling with a cost-of-living crisis, and some questioned how long Truss herself could stay in office. The pound and British government bond prices rose on Thursday and Friday in anticipation of the policy shift, but they retreated after Truss gave a short news conference on Friday, which underwhelmed analysts. LONDON, Oct British Prime Minister Liz Truss and new finance minister Jeremy Hunt will have to do a lot more than Friday’s U-turn on corporation tax to restore Britain’s credibility with financial markets after three bruising weeks.

Strong UK job market, easing inflation

Our forecast for US 10-year Treasury yields at 2.75% year-end will argue for USD/JPY to be trading at 130 or lower. “While the further fall in business activity in December signals a strong possibility of recession, the survey also hints that any downturn will be milder than thought likely a few months ago. The data for the fourth quarter are consistent with GDP contracting at a quarterly rate of just less than 0.2%, and forward-looking indicators are currently boding well for the rate of decline to ease further in the first quarter. The euro had a turbulent 2022, as investors appear rush for safety on the prospect of a severe economic recession in Europe amid the ongoing war in Ukraine, rising borrowing costs and stubbornly high inflation. More than 2,000 leading companies and government institutions rely on our services for business-critical forecasting and scenario activities.

Is the euro struggling?

The euro has fallen below parity with the dollar, diving to its lowest level in 20 years and ending a one-to-one exchange rate with the U.S. currency. It's a psychological barrier in the markets.

“They faced an economy of suppressed wages, no housing prospects, two years of socializing lost to lockdown, obscene energy bills and rent and now a lengthy recession. This will lead to more poverty and despair.” “Outside of the jobs markets, there are signs that some of the key inflation drivers may be starting to ease,” Dembik said. The one solace, according to the Danish investment bank, is that the Bank of England’s expected interest rate hike in September — which would be its seventh in a row — could be the last. The only factor missing from a characterization as an EM country, Dembik said, is a currency crisis, with the British pound holding firm.

Always do your own research and consider the latest market trends and news, technical and fundamental analysis, and expert opinion before making any investment decisions. The eurozone economy is expected to take a downturn at the end of the year and into 2023, with many economists expecting a recession as high inflation squeezes consumers’ real incomes and company margins. Weakness in the eurozone economy is primarily driven by rampant inflation, and rising energy and borrowing costs.

EUR/USD: Growth under scrutiny ahead of central banks’ decisions

Its central focus is to analyse the available information about current country policy for inclusive education; the CPRA work does not in any way address the actual implementation of the policy being considered. The LSE has already moved clearing of euro repurchase agreement or repo contracts from London to how to choose a reliable forex broker its Paris subsidiary, but the clearing of over 90% of euro interest rate swaps remains in London. The EU’s executive, the European Commission, has said it will grant Britain “time limited” clearing access from January to allow the bloc to build up its own euro clearing capacity and avoid disrupting markets.

analysis euro uk

For the EU as a whole, including those countries not in the euro, the growth forecast was raised to 3.3% in 2022 (up from 2.7% in June) but revised down to 0.3% in 2023. Euro area inflation, as measured by consumer prices, was expected to fall to 9.2% year-over-year in December – down from 10% in November. Energy prices have been a major contributor to the rise in inflation – energy is expected to have the highest annual rate in December (25.7%, down from liteforex 34.9% in November), followed by food, alcohol and tobacco (13.8%, against 13.6% in October). The pair rebounded to $1.036 by 11 August, but the growth would be short-lived. The currency pair slid down sharply in the space of a week, breaking parity once more on 22 August. From here, the pair attempted to rebound, rising to $1.0650 at the beginning of June, before falling again and breaking euro parity with the US dollar on 13 July, marking a 20-year low.

Keep in mind that past performance is no guarantee of future returns, and never trade more money than you can afford to lose. Since then the British pound recovered some losses, and have been trading sideways between €1.12 and €1.16 levels, as of 20 January 2023. The uncertainty surrounding negotiations between the UK and the EU over the UK’s exit from the bloc have weighed on the value of sterling since the 2016 referendum. The Accessibility page contains further resources and details about website accessibility. The Easy to Read section presents key information about the Agency in an easy to read format. It analyses the changing political, economic, social, technological, legal, and environment across the US, UK, EU, while highlighting the implications of these changes.

Why is GBP to euro falling?

The Pound Euro (GBP/EUR) exchange rate fell on Thursday. An unexpected contraction in UK service sector performance pushed the currency pair lower, as well as a risk-off impulse. Market bets on European Central Bank (ECB) interest rate hikes also weighed on GBP/EUR.

ECB chief economist Lane told the FT this morning that rates needed to get to restrictive. Policy makers—even the more dovish-leaning like de Cos and Lane—are persisting with strong messaging on the policy outlook. “Softening global activity and trade volume growth at less than 2% will likely limit the gains of pro-cyclical currencies in 2023. If the positive correlation between bonds and equity markets does break down next year, it will likely come through a bond market rally.


The fresh Purchasing Managers’ Index data for December showed private sector activity in the euro area shrank at the slowest pace in four months, which could suggest the impending recession in the EU could be less severe than previously anticipated. The ECB is widely expected to continue its hawkish monetary stance in 2023. Fitch Ratings forecast the bank to raise its main refinancing rate to 4% by June 2023. The GBP/EUR pair represents how many euros – the quote currency – are needed to buy one British pound – the base currency.